Built by 秦始皇帝 Qǐn Shǐhuángdì 259-210 B.C. The town where officials parted with their friends traveling to the far west....Gansu and Xinjiang.|
Xianyang Museum, which was originally a Confucian temple, was altered, reconstructed and opened to the public in 1962.
Xianyang City is 28 kilometers away from Xi'an. It was the capital of the famous Qin Dynasty in Chinese history. Qin Shihuang, the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty, gained power in Xianyang and finally established the first centralized feudal unitary multinational state. After the unification of the six kingdoms, the new country was ordered by Qin Shihuang to build "racing roads", these wide roads used for the galloping of horses and carts. There were three major roads which radiated from Xianyang. One goes eastward to Hebei, Liaoning and Shandong. Another goes south to Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi and Anhui, and the third to Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region. The roads played an important role in the flow of products, army movements and the consolidation of the country's unification. In order to strengthen the power of the central government, Qin Shihuang gave orders to set up palaces with distinctive features on the northern slope of Xianyang. Here all members of the imperial families from the former six kingdoms were put under house arrest. At the same time, Qin Shihuang had the noble and rich men of almost 20,000 families move to Xianyang. Xianyang was already a prosperous metropolis with about one million people at that time.